What is the difference between a modified radical mastectomy and a radical mastectomy? A simple mastectomy (left) removes the breast tissue, nipple, areola and skin but not all the lymph nodes. A modified radical mastectomy
What is the difference between a modified radical mastectomy and a radical mastectomy?
A simple mastectomy (left) removes the breast tissue, nipple, areola and skin but not all the lymph nodes. A modified radical mastectomy (right) removes the entire breast — including the breast tissue, skin, areola and nipple — and most of the underarm (axillary) lymph nodes.
Why is modified radical mastectomy done to the patient?
Procedure for a modified radical mastectomy The overall goal of an MRM is to remove all or most of the cancer present while preserving as much of the healthy skin tissue as possible. This makes it possible to perform an effective breast reconstruction after you’ve healed properly.
Who gets modified radical mastectomy?
Surgery for breast cancer in which the breast, most or all of the lymph nodes under the arm, and the lining over the chest muscles are removed. Sometimes the surgeon also removes part of the chest wall muscles.
What are the morbidities associated with modified radical mastectomy?
Complications associated with a modified radical mastectomy include issues associated with wound healing, such as hematoma, infection, dehiscence, chronic seroma, and skin necrosis. The risk of skin necrosis often involves the superior flap and the wound edges.
Is mastectomy a major operation?
Mastectomy is considered a major surgery for the below reasons: The procedure involves permanent removal of either one or both breasts, which itself is a major risk factor. Usually, the procedure may last up to 4 hours depending on the severity of the disease.
What should I do after modified radical mastectomy?
Doctors often use systemic treatments, such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or radiation therapy, alongside surgery to prevent cancer cells from growing or to shrink tumors. Some patients may have the option to have breast reconstruction surgery after they recover from a modified radical mastectomy.
Is pectoralis major removed in modified radical mastectomy?
A modified radical mastectomy is a procedure in which the entire breast is removed, including the skin, areola, nipple, and most axillary lymph nodes, but the pectoralis major muscle is spared.
How do you perform a modified radical mastectomy?
In a modified radical mastectomy, a surgeon removes the breast, including all or some overlying skin, the nipple and areola, most or all of the lymph nodes under the arm, and the lining over the chest muscles. This is a less extensive surgery than a radical mastectomy.