What is meant by bush encroachment? Bush encroachment is the suppression of palatable grasses and herbs by encroaching woody species often unpalatable to domestic livestock. Therefore, bush encroachment reduces the carrying capacity for livestock. Belief
What is meant by bush encroachment?
Bush encroachment is the suppression of palatable grasses and herbs by encroaching woody species often unpalatable to domestic livestock. Therefore, bush encroachment reduces the carrying capacity for livestock. Belief in grazing as the sole cause of bush encroachment stems from Walter’s (1939) two-layer model.
What causes shrub encroachment?
There is probably not a single reason for encroachment, but a combination of factors that are difficult to disentangle. The prime cause of the current and recent encroachment appears to be high and constant levels of grass herbivory by domestic animals.
What is bush encroachment and rangelands?
Rangeland productivity is threatened by land degradation mostly characterised by soil erosion and invasion by alien plant species. Bush encroachment refers to the spread of plant species into an area where previously it did not occur .
How is bush encroachment formed?
When a large area becomes enclosed by woody plants as a result of the weakened herbaceous layer, the grass is too short and sparse for Waterbuck, and the area becomes too enclosed by woody plants for Zebra (Bothma, 2010). Veld Mismanagement where the exclusion of fire in a savannah system results in bush encroachment.
What are the effects of bush encroachment?
The impact of bush encroachment is highly context specific. It is often found to have severe negative consequences on key ecosystem services, especially biodiversity, animal habitat, land productivity and groundwater recharge.
How is bush encroachment controlled?
The most popular methods of controlling bush encroachment mechanically, are chopping, slashing, ring barking and felling. The stumps are then treated immediately with a chemical weed killer. Herbicides can be used effectively to control a range of problem plants.
How is Bush encroachment controlled?
How do you control encroachment?
Solutions to encroachment:
- Legal approach: One can always take the legal route to get an injunction order or eviction notice from the court to do away with the illicit possession of your property.
- Out of court settlement: Legal assistance is not only expensive but also time taking.
What is the punishment for encroachment?
The encroacher may use or develop a structure on other’s property without seeking their permission to either threaten or insult the property owner. The act is prohibited under the law, and Section 447 states a penalty for it which includes three months imprisonment or fine up to Rs 500 or both.