How do you find the mass rating of a rock?

How do you find the mass rating of a rock? RQD is determined from rock cores or volumetric joint count; it is the percentage of rock cores in one meter of drill run. RMR is

How do you find the mass rating of a rock?

RQD is determined from rock cores or volumetric joint count; it is the percentage of rock cores in one meter of drill run. RMR is determined as an algebraic sum of ratings for all of the parameters.

What is rock mass rating system?

The rock mass rating (RMR) is a geomechanical classification system for rocks, developed by Z. T. Bieniawski between 1972 and 1973. Recently RMR14 has been proposed to improve the RMR performance by incorporating new experiences from tunnel practices.

What is Q value of rock?

Classification of the rock mass The rock mass quality (Q) is a very sensitive index and its value varies from 0.001 to 1000. Use of the Q-system is specifically recommended for tunnels and caverns with an arched roof.

Is code mass a rock rating?

4.2 On the basis of RMR values for a given engineering structure, the rock mass should be classified as very good (rating 100-81). good (80-61), fair (60-41), poor (40-21) and very poor «20) rock mass. in IS 13365 (Part 2).

What are the three most common rock mass classifications?

known systems are listed in Table 1. the development of three most common rock mass classification schemes i.e. Q, RMR, and GSI. squeezing potential (Singh and Geol, 1999).

Which type of rock is most suitable for tunneling?

Pick the rock considered as soft rocks for tunnelling. Explanation: Rocks considered as hard and crystalline are granites, syenites, gabbros, basalts and all the related igneous rocks, sandstones, limestones, dolomites, quartzites etc.

Which rock is most suitable for Tunnling point of view?

Tunnels are generally grouped in four broad categories, depending on the material through which they pass: soft ground, consisting of soil and very weak rock; hard rock; soft rock, such as shale, chalk, and friable sandstone; and subaqueous.

Who proposed rock mass quality?

The Q-system for rock mass classification, developed at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI) in 1974, originally included a little more than 200 tunnel case histories, mainly from Scandinavia (Barton et al., 1974). In 1993 the system was updated to include more than 1000 cases (Grimstad and Barton, 1993).

What kinds of factor affect the rock quality?

The principal factors controlling the strength of solid rocks are: I) mineral composition, structure and texture; 2) bedding, jointing and anisotropy; 3) water content; 4) state of stress in the rock mass.

What is rock mass behavior?

Mining activities change the stress distribution and water conditions in the surrounding rock mass and thus results in a change in behaviour of the rock mass and consequently may result in alteration to its structure. Various manifestations of rock mass behaviour can be identified in all phases of mining activities.

Is rock a mass?

Rock mass is a matrix consisting of rock material and rock discontinuities. Its characterization and classification aim to determine the rock mass characteristics by assigning values to a set of rock parameters.

What are the parameters of the rock mass rating system?

Short on the RMR (Rock Mass Rating) system This engineering classification system, which was developed by Bieniawski in 1973, utilises the following six rock mass parameters: 1. Uniaxial compressive strength of intact rock material. 2. Rock quality designation (RQD).

How big is a conglomerate rock in centimeters?

Conglomerate Close-Up: A detailed view of conglomerate showing the pebble-size clasts with sand and smaller size particles filling the spaces between them. The largest pebbles in this view are about ten millimeters across.

What makes a conglomerate a good dimension stone?

The conglomerate is composed of well-rounded clasts of quartz and sedimentary rocks of various sizes and kinds along with a fine-grained matrix. To work well as a dimension stone, this conglomerate would have to be bound tightly with a very competent cement.

What kind of cement is used to form a conglomerate?

The matrix that binds the clasts together can be a mixture of sand, mud, and chemical cement. Common chemical cements are calcite or quartz. Conglomerate-Forming Environment: A beach where strong waves have deposited rounded, cobble-size rocks. If buried and lithified, these materials might be transformed into a conglomerate.