What was Cortes relationship with the Aztecs? Cortés razed Tenochtitlan, building his own capital over its ruins, and proclaimed the Aztec Empire to be New Spain. Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519,
What was Cortes relationship with the Aztecs?
Cortés razed Tenochtitlan, building his own capital over its ruins, and proclaimed the Aztec Empire to be New Spain. Soon after the Spanish colonization of Cuba in 1519, a small army led by Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) conquered Mexico from the Aztecs. Cortés first attacked and then made allies of towns.
How did Hernando Cortes help the Aztec civilization?
Hernan Cortés invaded Mexico in 1519 and conquered the Aztec Empire. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. He also helped colonize Cuba and became a governor of New Spain.
How did Bernal Diaz view the Aztecs?
From his almost lyrical descriptions of Tenochtitlán, it is clear that Bernal Díaz had high respect for Aztec political and social organization, for the skills and talents of Aztec workers and craftsmen, for the remarkable city that stood on pilings and built-up land in the middle of Lake Texcoco.
What 3 things helped Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztecs?
This instability within the empire allowed Cortés and his men to band with the aggrieved tribes to further Spanish victory over the Aztec Empire. The three things that allowed the Spanish to defeat the Aztec were horses, gunpowder, and disease.
What did Aztecs do when the conquistadors arrived?
The Aztecs decided it was time for the Spanish to leave. They did not want to kill them because they might be gods after all, but the Aztecs wanted them to move along. When the Spanish returned, they were prepared. They brought dogs and horses and weapons and many fighting men.
How many Aztecs were killed by the Spanish?
Within five years as many as 15 million people – an estimated 80% of the population – were wiped out in an epidemic the locals named “cocoliztli”. The word means pestilence in the Aztec Nahuatl language.
How did Cortés defeat the Aztecs quizlet?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
What are the five suns of the Aztec empire?
Five Suns is an Aztec myth about how the world was created. It says that there were four other suns before our own, because different gods served as the Sun at different times: The first sun was Tezcatlipoca but he fought with his brother Quetzalcoatl and was knocked out of the sky.
How did the Aztecs get smallpox?
The introduction of smallpox among the Aztecs has been attributed to an African slave (by the name of Francisco Eguía, according to one account) but this has been disputed. From May to September, smallpox spread slowly to Tepeaca and Tlaxcala, and to Tenochtitlán by the fall of 1520.
What three things helped the Spanish to bring down the Aztecs?
The overthrow of the Aztec Empire by Cortez and his expedition rests on three factors: The fragility of that empire, the tactical advantages of Spanish technology, and smallpox.