# How is ground range resolution calculated?

How is ground range resolution calculated? Ground range resolution (Rr) is the horizontal expression of the slant range resolution (top) and is expressed mathematically as: Rr=cT ÷ 2cos d , where: c = the speed

## How is ground range resolution calculated?

Ground range resolution (Rr) is the horizontal expression of the slant range resolution (top) and is expressed mathematically as: Rr=cT ÷ 2cos d , where: c = the speed of light (300,000,000 m/s) T = pulse duration.

Is SAR resolution independent of range?

A short pulse is emitted by the antenna and then the amplitude and phase of the backscattered signal is recorded as a function of time. This is repeated over again while the platform is moving, and a 2-dimensional image is thus generated. The SAR spatial resolution is independent of the platform height.

What is the resolution of synthetic aperture radar?

NISAR has a ~ 240 km swath, 7 m resolution along track and 2-8 m resolution cross-track (depending on mode). In this way, SAR beats the resolution limits of what can physically be put in space to provide images and science of much higher quality than would be possible if the antenna size was used as is.

### What is range resolution and azimuth resolution?

Range (D) refers to the across-track dimension perpendicular to the flight direction, while azimuth (E) refers to the along-track dimension parallel to the flight direction. This side-looking viewing geometry is typical of imaging radar systems (airborne or spaceborne).

What is SAR bandwidth?

Resolution of ERS SAR The ERS SAR has a bandwidth of 15.6 MHz, an antenna length of 10 m and a look angle of 23˚. The ground range resolution is about 25 m and the maximum azimuth resolution is 5 m. In practice, one averages several “looks” together to improve the quality of the amplitude (backscatter) image.

Range resolution is the ability of a radar system to distinguish between two or more targets on the same bearing but at different ranges. The degree of range resolution depends on the width of the transmitted pulse, the types and sizes of targets, and the efficiency of the receiver and indicator.

## Is SAR active or passive?

SAR is a type of active data collection where a sensor produces its own energy and then records the amount of that energy reflected back after interacting with the Earth.

What is the spatial resolution of radar?

Ground-based radar systems usually have a 1- to 2-km spatial resolution and temporal revisit times of 15–30 min (Shelton, 2009). Single observing points can provide coverage for large areas, with a high spatiotemporal resolution.

How SAR can be used to improve the resolution of the real aperture radar?

SAR uses the motion of the radar antenna over a target region to provide finer spatial resolution than conventional stationary beam-scanning radars. This process forms the synthetic antenna aperture and allows the creation of higher-resolution images than would otherwise be possible with a given physical antenna.

### What is the difference between SAR and LiDAR?

LiDAR data consist of points clouds while the SAR (Space borne) data is actually the back-scattered information from the earth surface.

How can I improve my radar resolution?

The good range resolution performance is required in radar system to detect small targets at a long distance. It is already known that the longer pulse will increase energy and improve target detection. Conversely, shorter pulse will increase the range resolution of radar.

How can I improve my radar range resolution?

According to this, the range resolution of close targets could be improved by increasing modulation bandwidth in FM broadcasting radar systems [5-7]. The modulation bandwidth could be increased by using more FM channels in FM broadcasting systems.