How long can you live with porencephaly? The prognosis for children with porencephaly varies according to the location and extent of the cysts or cavities. Some children with this disorder develop only minor neurological problems
How long can you live with porencephaly?
The prognosis for children with porencephaly varies according to the location and extent of the cysts or cavities. Some children with this disorder develop only minor neurological problems and have normal intelligence, while others may be severely disabled and die before their second decade of life.
What is a Porencephalic cyst?
Background: A porencephalic cyst is a cavity within the cerebral hemisphere, filled with cerebrospinal fluid, that communicates directly with the ventricular system. It is a rare condition probably caused by vascular occlusion resulting from an insult during fetal development or an injury occurring later in life.
Can a Porencephalic cyst be removed?
Treatment may include physical therapy, rehabilitation, medication for seizures or epilepsy, shunt (medical), or neurosurgery (removal of the cyst).
What is cystic Encephalomalacia hydrocephalus?
In porencephaly (or cystic encephalomalacia), a fluid-filled cyst develops in brain tissue. The fluid consists of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the clear fluid that normally bathes the central nervous system. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the spinal cord.
How common is Megalencephaly?
Who is at risk of megalencephaly? Megalencephaly is three to four time more common in males than females, reports The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders. It affects between 10 and 30 percent of patients with macrocephaly. Asymptomatic cases may not be reported, so the incidence is unknown.
Can encephalomalacia spread?
Encephalomalacia, a serious form of brain damage, is a softening of brain tissue that is caused by an injury or inflammation. The cerebral softening sometimes occurs in one part of the brain and then spreads to adjacent areas.
Is encephalomalacia permanent?
There is no cure for encephalomalacia. Sadly, once something destroys the brain’s tissues, there is no way to regain what is lost. This can mean that patients suffer permanent damage due to cerebral softening.
Is polymicrogyria a disability?
The most severe form of the disorder, bilateral generalized polymicrogyria, affects the entire brain. This condition causes severe intellectual disability, problems with movement, and seizures that are difficult or impossible to control with medication.