What is the biological control of plant disease?

What is the biological control of plant disease? Biological control of plant diseases can be broadly defined as the use of one organism to influence the activities of a plant pathogen. Biocontrol organisms can be

What is the biological control of plant disease?

Biological control of plant diseases can be broadly defined as the use of one organism to influence the activities of a plant pathogen. Biocontrol organisms can be fungi, bacteria, or nematodes.

What are the control of plant diseases?

A variety of chemicals are available that have been designed to control plant diseases by inhibiting the growth of or by killing the disease-causing pathogens. Chemicals used to control bacteria (bactericides), fungi (fungicides), and nematodes (nematicides) may be applied to seeds, foliage, flowers, fruit, or soil.

Which biocontrol agent is used in the treatment of plant disease?

But the one functioning as a biocontrol agent is the Trichoderma species in the treatment of plant diseases.

What is an Antibiosis?

Antibiosis can be defined as, ‘The antagonism resulting from the toxicity of secondary metabolites produced by one microorganism for other microorganisms’.

How do plants control bacterial diseases?

Monitor crops regularly and use predictive models. Reduce the pathogen levels by crop rotation. Remove weeds and incorporate crop residues that can host the disease. Protect the host plant by using resistant plant varieties.

How do plants control viral diseases?

Disease control is based on two strategies: i) immunization (genetic resistance obtained by plant breeding, plant transformation, cross-protection, or others), and ii) prophylaxis to restrain virus dispersion (using quarantine, certification, removal of infected plants, control of natural vectors, or other procedures).

What is the best method of plant disease control?

Traditional Principles of Plant Disease Control. Avoidance—prevent disease by selecting a time of the year or a site where there is no inoculum or where the environment is not favorable for infection. Exclusion—prevent the introduction of inoculum. Eradication—eliminate, destroy, or inactivate the inoculum.

Which of the following is an example of biological control agents?

An example of biological control is the release of parasitic wasps to control aphids. Aphids are a pest of plants and cause huge damage to plants as they remove nutrients from the plant. The parasitic wasp lays eggs in aphids, as shown in the movie.

Which organism is used as biocontrol agents of several plant pathogens?

– Bacillus is a gram positive bacteria. It is used to control insect’s pests. The biological control agent for several plant pathogens is Nucleopolyhedrovirus which is the virus that infects pests like butterflies, moths etc.

Which insect is used for biological control?

Aphid mummies and a parasitic wasp (Lysiphlebus testaceipes). Biological control is the beneficial action of parasites, pathogens, and predators in managing pests and their damage….Predators.

PESTS mealybugs
Lacewings X
Lady beetles X
Parasitic wasps X
Other Groups and Examples mealybug destroyer lady beetle

How are plant diseases caused by plant viruses?

PLANT DISEASES CAUSED BY VIRUSES Plant viruses consist of a nucleoprotein that multiplies only in the living cells of a host. The presence of viruses in host cells often results in disease.

How are plant pathogens controlled by beneficial microorganisms?

A third mechanism by which beneficial microorganisms suppress plant pathogens is parasitism. Some species of Tricboderma, for example, attack pathogenic fungi, leading to the lysis of the pathogen. Natural enemies of plant-parasitic nematodes include bacterial diseases and nematophagous and nematopathogenic fungi.

What kind of pathogens attack the roots of plants?

Plant-parasitic nematodes inhabit many soils and attack the roots of plants. They are affected by a range of natural enemies, including bacteria, nematophagous fungi, and predacious nematodes and arthropods. There is some limited evidence for virus association with nematodes (Loewenberg et al.

How are pathogens controlled on a rubber tree?

Biological control of the black-crust pathogen (PhyIlacbora huberi Hennings) on rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis Müller Argoviensis) foliage is accomplished by the hyperparasites Cylindrosporium concentricum Greville and Dicyma pulvinata (Berkeley & Curtis) Arx (Junqueira & Gasparotto l991).